UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Atypical CIDP: diagnostic criteria, progression and treatment response. Data from the Italian CIDP Database

Doneddu, PE; Cocito, D; Manganelli, F; Fazio, R; Briani, C; Filosto, M; Benedetti, L; ... Italian CIDP Database study group; + view all (2019) Atypical CIDP: diagnostic criteria, progression and treatment response. Data from the Italian CIDP Database. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry , 90 (2) pp. 125-132. 10.1136/jnnp-2018-318714. Green open access

[thumbnail of Revised manuscript 3 edo.pdf]
Preview
Text
Revised manuscript 3 edo.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (159kB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: A few variants of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) have been described, but their frequency and evolution to typical CIDP remain unclear. To determine the frequency and characteristics of the CIDP variants, their possible evolution to typical CIDP, and treatment response. METHODS: We applied a set of diagnostic criteria to 460 patients included in a database of Italian patients with CIDP. Clinical characteristics and treatment response were reviewed for each patient. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate the progression rate from atypical to typical CIDP. RESULTS: At the time of inclusion, 376 (82%) patients had a diagnosis of typical CIDP while 84 (18%) had atypical CIDP, including 34 (7%) with distal acquired demyelinating symmetric neuropathy (DADS), 17 (4%) with purely motor, 17 (4%) with Lewis-Sumner syndrome (LSS) and 16 (3.5%) with purely sensory CIDP. Based on retrospective review of the symptoms and signs present at onset and for at least 1 year, 180 (39%) patients had an initial diagnosis compatible with atypical CIDP that in 96 (53%) patients evolved to typical CIDP. Mean disease duration was longer in patients evolving to typical CIDP than in those not evolving (p=0.0016). Patients with DADS and LSS had a less frequent response to immunoglobulin than those with typical CIDP, while patients with purely motor and sensory CIDP had a similar treatment response. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of patients with atypical CIDP varies during the disease course. DADS and LSS have a less frequent response to intravenous immunoglobulin compared with typical CIDP, raising the possibility of a different underlying pathogenetic mechanism.

Type: Article
Title: Atypical CIDP: diagnostic criteria, progression and treatment response. Data from the Italian CIDP Database
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/jnnp-2018-318714
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-318714
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: CIDP, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, diagnostic criteria, distal acquired demyelinating symmetric neuropathy, lewis–sumner syndrome
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078004
Downloads since deposit
944Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item