UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The Cannabinoid-Like Compound, VSN16R, Acts on Large Conductance, Ca2+-Activated K+ Channels to Modulate Hippocampal CA1 Pyramidal Neuron Firing

Tabatabaee, S; Baker, D; Selwood, DL; Whalley, BJ; Stephens, GJ; (2019) The Cannabinoid-Like Compound, VSN16R, Acts on Large Conductance, Ca2+-Activated K+ Channels to Modulate Hippocampal CA1 Pyramidal Neuron Firing. Pharmaceuticals , 12 (3) , Article 104. 10.3390/ph12030104. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Tabatabaee _pharmaceuticals-12-00104.pdf - Published version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Large conductance, Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels are widely expressed in the central nervous system, where they regulate action potential duration, firing frequency and consequential neurotransmitter release. Moreover, drug action on, mutations to, or changes in expression levels of BKCa can modulate neuronal hyperexcitability. Amongst other potential mechanisms of action, cannabinoid compounds have recently been reported to activate BKCa channels. Here, we examined the effects of the cannabinoid-like compound (R,Z)-3-(6-(dimethylamino)-6-oxohex-1-en-1-yl)-N-(1-hydroxypropan-2-yl) benzamide (VSN16R) at CA1 pyramidal neurons in hippocampal ex vivo brain slices using current clamp electrophysiology. We also investigated effects of the BKCa channel blockers iberiotoxin (IBTX) and the novel 7-pra-martentoxin (7-Pra-MarTx) on VSN16R action. VSN16R (100 µM) increased first and second fast after-hyperpolarization (fAHP) amplitude, decreased first and second inter spike interval (ISI) and shortened first action potential (AP) width under high frequency stimulation protocols in mouse hippocampal pyramidal neurons. IBTX (100 nM) decreased first fAHP amplitude, increased second ISI and broadened first and second AP width under high frequency stimulation protocols; IBTX also broadened first and second AP width under low frequency stimulation protocols. IBTX blocked effects of VSN16R on fAHP amplitude and ISI. 7-Pra-MarTx (100 nM) had no significant effects on fAHP amplitude and ISI but, unlike IBTX, shortened first and second AP width under high frequency stimulation protocols; 7-Pra-MarTx also shortened second AP width under low frequency stimulation protocols. However, in the presence of 7-Pra-MarTx, VSN16R retained some effects on AP waveform under high frequency stimulation protocols; moreover, VSN16R effects were revealed under low frequency stimulation protocols. These findings demonstrate that VSN16R has effects in native hippocampal neurons consistent with its causing an increase in initial firing frequency via activation of IBTX-sensitive BKCa channels. The differential pharmacological effects described suggest that VSN16R may differentially target BKCa channel subtypes.

Type: Article
Title: The Cannabinoid-Like Compound, VSN16R, Acts on Large Conductance, Ca2+-Activated K+ Channels to Modulate Hippocampal CA1 Pyramidal Neuron Firing
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/ph12030104
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/ph12030104
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: BKCa channels; hippocampal pyramidal neurons; VSN16R; cannabinoid; 7-pra-martentoxin
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Wolfson Inst for Biomedical Research
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10077984
Downloads since deposit
36Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item