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Multi-region exome sequencing reveals genomic evolution from preneoplasia to lung adenocarcinoma

Hu, X; Fujimoto, J; Ying, L; Fukuoka, J; Ashizawa, K; Sun, W; Reuben, A; ... Zhang, J; + view all (2019) Multi-region exome sequencing reveals genomic evolution from preneoplasia to lung adenocarcinoma. Nature Communications , 10 , Article 2978. 10.1038/s41467-019-10877-8. Green open access

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Abstract

There has been a dramatic increase in the detection of lung nodules, many of which are preneoplasia atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH), adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) or invasive adenocarcinoma (ADC). The molecular landscape and the evolutionary trajectory of lung preneoplasia have not been well defined. Here, we perform multi-region exome sequencing of 116 resected lung nodules including AAH (n = 22), AIS (n = 27), MIA (n = 54) and synchronous ADC (n = 13). Comparing AAH to AIS, MIA and ADC, we observe progressive genomic evolution at the single nucleotide level and demarcated evolution at the chromosomal level supporting the early lung carcinogenesis model from AAH to AIS, MIA and ADC. Subclonal analyses reveal a higher proportion of clonal mutations in AIS/MIA/ADC than AAH suggesting neoplastic transformation of lung preneoplasia is predominantly associated with a selective sweep of unfit subclones. Analysis of multifocal pulmonary nodules from the same patients reveal evidence of convergent evolution.

Type: Article
Title: Multi-region exome sequencing reveals genomic evolution from preneoplasia to lung adenocarcinoma
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-10877-8
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10877-8
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10077983
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