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Prewar Domestic Conditions and Civilians in War

Bulutgil, HZ; (2020) Prewar Domestic Conditions and Civilians in War. [Review]. Journal of Global Security Studies , 5 (3) pp. 528-541. 10.1093/jogss/ogz039. Green open access

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Abstract

In the past fifteen years, the study of civilians in war (i.e., violence against civilians as well as civilian strategies for survival during wars) has emerged as a research agenda separate from the study of the causes of wars. Up to now, this research agenda has largely been dominated by studies that emphasize the military balance of power or the nature of material resources available to the fighting parties. The books under review in this article push the literature on civilians in war significantly forward by focusing on prewar social, political, and institutional factors. Based on the findings of the books, this review essay identifies three such factors. First, the organizational skills that civilian leaders develop in the prewar period shape resistance against military actors during wars. Second, political party affiliation, revealed through prewar elections, influences the patterns of violence against civilians during wars. Finally, the dominant state ideology that precedes wars can impact both civilian victimization and the extent to which civilians can evade such violence. The article both assesses the books’ contributions and offers ways in which these contributions can be refined by future research.

Type: Article
Title: Prewar Domestic Conditions and Civilians in War
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/jogss/ogz039
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/jogss/ogz039
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: civilian victimization, violence in war, resistance in war, domestic conditions, mass violence
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10077306
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