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The effect of collection substrate on electrospun ciprofloxacin-loaded poly(vinylpyrrolidone) and ethyl cellulose nanofibers as potential wound dressing materials

Li, H; Zhang, Z; Godakanda, VU; Chiu, Y-J; Angkawinitwong, U; Patel, K; Stapleton, PG; ... Williams, GR; + view all (2019) The effect of collection substrate on electrospun ciprofloxacin-loaded poly(vinylpyrrolidone) and ethyl cellulose nanofibers as potential wound dressing materials. Materials Science and Engineering: C , 104 , Article 109917. 10.1016/j.msec.2019.109917. Green open access

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Abstract

In this work, nanofibers based on hydrophilic poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and hydrophobic ethyl cellulose (EC) were generated via electrospinning. A model antibiotic, ciprofloxacin (CIF) was also incorporated into the fibers. Fibers were collected on both a foil substrate and a commercial gauze, the latter in the interests of developing a smart fabric. Electron microscopy images revealed that the fibers collected on both foil and fabric were homogeneous and cylindrical. Infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry demonstrated that CIF was successfully loaded into the fibers and present in the amorphous physical form. In vitro drug release tests were conducted to simulate drug release from the formulations into a wound site, and as expected the hydrophilic fibers showed much faster release than their hydrophobic analogues. CIF was released through a combined mechanism of polymer erosion and drug diffusion, and the EC nanofibers displayed close to zero-order release over three days. Fibroblast cells are able to grow and proliferate on the fibers. Finally, inhibition zone assays revealed that the growth of both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria could be effectively inhibited as a result of the presence of CIF in the fibers. Electrospun nanofibers loaded with CIF thus have great potential in wound healing. Further, the fibers can be electrospun directly onto a gauze substrate to prepare a smart fabric.

Type: Article
Title: The effect of collection substrate on electrospun ciprofloxacin-loaded poly(vinylpyrrolidone) and ethyl cellulose nanofibers as potential wound dressing materials
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2019.109917
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2019.109917
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Electrospinning, Wound dressing, Drug delivery, Nanofibers
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharma and Bio Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10077244
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