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Neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation and allostatic load: a multi-cohort study

Ribeiro, AI; Fraga, S; Kelly-Irving, M; Delpierre, C; Stringhini, S; Kivimaki, M; Joost, S; ... Barros, H; + view all (2019) Neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation and allostatic load: a multi-cohort study. Scientific Reports , 9 (1) , Article 8790. 10.1038/s41598-019-45432-4. Green open access

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Abstract

Living in deprived neighbourhoods may have biological consequences, but few studies have assessed this empirically. We examined the association between neighbourhood deprivation and allostatic load, a biological marker of wear and tear, taking into account individual’s socioeconomic position. We analysed data from three cohort studies (CoLaus-Switzerland; EPIPorto-Portugal; Whitehall II-UK) comprising 16,364 participants. We defined allostatic load using ten biomarkers of dysregulated metabolic, cardiovascular, and inflammatory systems (body mass index; waist circumference; total, high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol; triglycerides; glucose; systolic and diastolic blood pressure; C-reactive protein). Mixed Poisson regression models were fitted to examine associations with neighbourhood deprivation (in quintiles, Q1-least deprived as reference). After adjustment for confounding variables, participants living in the most deprived quintile had 1.13 times higher allostatic load than those living in the least deprived quintile (Relative Risk, RR, for Q2 RR = 1.06, 95% CI 1.03-1.09; Q3 = 1.06, 1.03–1.10; Q4 = 1.09, 1.06–1.12; Q5 = 1.13, 1.09–1.16). This association was partially modified by individual’s socioeconomic position, such that the relative risk was higher in participants with low socioeconomic position (Q5 vs Q1 1.16, 1.11–1.22) than those with high socioeconomic position (Q5 vs Q1 1.07, 1.01–1.13). Neighbourhood deprivation is associated with biological wear and tear, suggesting that neighbourhood-level interventions may yield health gains.

Type: Article
Title: Neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation and allostatic load: a multi-cohort study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-45432-4
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45432-4
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10077117
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