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Endoscopic Assessment and Treatment of Barrett’s Oesophagus

Lipman, Gideon; (2019) Endoscopic Assessment and Treatment of Barrett’s Oesophagus. Doctoral thesis (M.D(Res)), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Oesophageal cancer worldwide is the eighth commonest cancer and carries a poor prognosis. Barrett’s oesophagus is the only known risk factor for oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Cancer progresses along a metaplasia-dysplasia pathway. Dysplastic changes may be seen on endoscopic assessment. This thesis presents evidence that i-Scan virtual chromoendoscopy together with acetic acid chromoendoscopy can improve dysplasia detection using a simple classification system. Superficial lesions, without deeper invasion (low and high grade dysplasia, early cancers) have a low risk of distant metastasis. Endoscopic resection and ablation techniques have been demonstrated to have an excellent efficacy and safety profile. The current standard of care for early Barrett’s neoplasia is endoscopic management rather than surgical intervention. Surgery for oesophageal cancer is centred in specialist units due to improved outcomes in high volume centres. The UK radiofrequency ablation registry collects outcomes for patients undergoing endoscopic therapy for Barrett’s neoplasia. This thesis demonstrates that there is no difference in dysplasia or intestinal metaplasia resolution rates or dysplasia recurrence between low and high volume centres. Learning curve analysis suggests that there is a change point at 18 cases, when the observed successful treatment rate of the centre becomes better than the expected rate. Centres should complete 20 cases before competency can be achieved. Treatment of Barrett’s neoplasia involves endoscopic resection of visible lesions. Due to the high risk of metachronous lesions, the remaining Barrett’s epithelium undergoes field ablation, commonly with radiofrequency ablation. Following successful treatment the risk of dysplasia recurrence is 6%. The risk increases with increasing length of the initial Barrett segment and with increasing age. The risk of untreated islands of Barrett’s IM is unknown but this thesis demonstrates that it does not seem to confer an increased risk of recurrence and may not require further ablation if unresponsive to treatment.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: M.D(Res)
Title: Endoscopic Assessment and Treatment of Barrett’s Oesophagus
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10076494
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