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Augmentation index is not a proxy for wave reflection magnitude: mechanistic analysis using a computational model

Heusinkveld, MHG; Delhaas, T; Lumens, J; Huberts, W; Spronck, B; Hughes, AD; Reesink, KD; (2019) Augmentation index is not a proxy for wave reflection magnitude: mechanistic analysis using a computational model. Journal of Applied Physiology 10.1152/japplphysiol.00769.2018. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

The augmentation index (AIx) is deemed to capture the deleterious effect on left ventricular (LV) work of increased wave reflection associated with stiffer arteries. However, its validity as a proxy for wave reflection magnitude has been questioned. We hypothesized that, in addition to increased wave reflection due to increased pulse wave velocity, LV myocardial shortening velocity influences AIx.Using a computational model of the circulation, we investigated the isolated and combined influences of myocardial shortening velocity vs,LV and arterial stiffness on AIx. Aortic blood pressure waveforms were characterized using AIx and the reflected wave pressure amplitude (pbw, obtained using wave separation analysis). Our reference simulation (normal vs,LV and arterial stiffness) was characterized by an AIx of 21%. A realistic reduction in vs,LV caused AIx to increase from 21 to 42%. An arterial stiffness increase, characterized by a relevant 1.0ms-1 increase in carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, caused AIx to increase from 21 to 41%. Combining the reduced vs,LV and increased arterial stiffness resulted in an AIx of 54%. In a multi-step parametric analysis, both vs,LV and arterial stiffness were about equal determinants of AIx, whereas pbw was only determined by arterial stiffness. Furthermore, the relation between increased AIx and LV stroke work was only for about 50% explained by an increase in arterial stiffness, the other factor being vs,LV. The pbw, on the other hand, related less ambiguously to LV stroke work. We conclude that the AIx reflects both cardiac and vascular properties and should not be considered an exclusively vascular parameter.

Type: Article
Title: Augmentation index is not a proxy for wave reflection magnitude: mechanistic analysis using a computational model
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00769.2018
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00769.2018
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Augmentation index, cardiac workload, computational modeling, hemodynamics, wave reflection
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10075748
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