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New radiocarbon dates show Early Neolithic date of flintmining and stone quarrying in Britain

Edinborough, K; Shennan, S; Teather, A; Baczkowski, J; Bevan, A; Bradley, R; Cook, G; ... Schauer, P; + view all (2019) New radiocarbon dates show Early Neolithic date of flintmining and stone quarrying in Britain. Radiocarbon 10.1017/RDC.2019.85. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

New radiocarbon (14C) dates suggest a simultaneous appearance of two technologically and geographically distinct axe production practices in Neolithic Britain; igneous open-air quarries in Great Langdale, Cumbria, and from flint mines in southern England at ~4000–3700 cal BC. In light of the recent evidence that farming was introduced at this time by large-scale immigration from northwest Europe, and that expansion within Britain was extremely rapid, we argue that this synchronicity supports this speed of colonization and reflects a knowledge of complex extraction processes and associated exchange networks already possessed by the immigrant groups; long-range connections developed as colonization rapidly expanded. Although we can model the start of these new extraction activities, it remains difficult to estimate how long significant production activity lasted at these key sites given the nature of the record from which samples could be obtained.

Type: Article
Title: New radiocarbon dates show Early Neolithic date of flintmining and stone quarrying in Britain
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2019.85
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/RDC.2019.85
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: S: axe production, boom-bust economics, flint mines, Great Britain, Neolithic, quarries, radiocarbon.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10075640
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