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Twinning hierarchy, shape memory, and superelasticity demonstrated by molecular dynamics

Zelazny, M; Richardson, R; Ackland, GJ; (2011) Twinning hierarchy, shape memory, and superelasticity demonstrated by molecular dynamics. Physical Review B , 84 (14) , Article 144113. 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.144113. Green open access

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Abstract

A martensitic phase transition exhibiting shape memory, transformation-induced plasticity, or superelasticity typically involves a transformation between a high temperature, high symmetry phase and a low temperature, low symmetry phase. There have been numerous attempts using molecular dynamics to simulate the shape memory behavior, where the memory is stored in a twinned martensite and deformation occurs by motion of twin boundaries. However, the 3D case has always proved elusive, because suitable interatomic potentials to produce a unique low temperature phase are difficult to obtain. Here we present a study in which the binary Morse potential is tuned specifically to maximize the difference between L1_{0} and B19 (Strukturbericht notation, spacegroups P4/mmm and Pmma) structures. The twinned structure of martensite has been induced by gradually cooling the sample below the transition temperature. A bar-shaped sample was plastically deformed in the martensite phase, and on reheating above the transition temperature the initial shape was recovered. The effect of the shear-induced phase transition on the nanostructure of resulting martensite has also been investigated. An unusual discovery is that of a hierarchy of twins: nanotwins accommodate the mismatch between austenite and martensite at the habit plane, while dynamically created macrotwins are responsible for the deformation behavior and shape memory.

Type: Article
Title: Twinning hierarchy, shape memory, and superelasticity demonstrated by molecular dynamics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.144113
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.84.144113
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10075485
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