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Inequality and Voting Among Deprived Ethnic Groups: Evidence from India

Bulutgil, HZ; Prasad, N; (2020) Inequality and Voting Among Deprived Ethnic Groups: Evidence from India. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties , 30 (2) pp. 221-243. 10.1080/17457289.2019.1624555. Green open access

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Abstract

What are the conditions that determine the electoral success of parties that champion deprived ethnic groups? What is the impact of within group inequality on this outcome? Existing arguments focus on the role of institutions or the relationship between ethnicity and other social cleavages. This paper contributes to the second approach by studying the impact of within-group as well as betweengroup inequality on ethnic voting. We use elections to state legislatures within India to control for institutional and historical factors that may influence ethnic voting. Using data from the National Sample Survey we calculate inequality in consumption expenditure. We show that high within-group economic inequality among deprived ethnic groups hinders the electoral success of parties that champion these groups, whereas high between-group economic inequality has the opposite effect. Our findings also identify a potential causal mechanism (preference heterogeneity) that might link within-group inequality to ethnic voting.

Type: Article
Title: Inequality and Voting Among Deprived Ethnic Groups: Evidence from India
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/17457289.2019.1624555
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/17457289.2019.1624555
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10075220
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