UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Ocean-wide Drivers of Migration Strategies and Their Influence on Population Breeding Performance in a Declining Seabird

Fayet, AL; Freeman, R; Anker-Nilssen, T; Diamond, A; Erikstad, KE; Fifield, D; Fitzsimmons, MG; ... Guilford, T; + view all (2017) Ocean-wide Drivers of Migration Strategies and Their Influence on Population Breeding Performance in a Declining Seabird. Current Biology , 27 (24) 3871-3878.e3. 10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.009. Green open access

[thumbnail of Fayet+ORA+version.pdf]
Preview
Text
Fayet+ORA+version.pdf - Accepted version

Download (485kB) | Preview

Abstract

Which factors shape animals' migration movements across large geographical scales, how different migratory strategies emerge between populations, and how these may affect population dynamics are central questions in the field of animal migration [1] that only large-scale studies of migration patterns across a species' range can answer [2]. To address these questions, we track the migration of 270 Atlantic puffins Fratercula arctica, a red-listed, declining seabird, across their entire breeding range. We investigate the role of demographic, geographical, and environmental variables in driving spatial and behavioral differences on an ocean-basin scale by measuring puffins' among-colony differences in migratory routes and day-to-day behavior (estimated with individual daily activity budgets and energy expenditure). We show that competition and local winter resource availability are important drivers of migratory movements, with birds from larger colonies or with poorer local winter conditions migrating further and visiting less-productive waters; this in turn led to differences in flight activity and energy expenditure. Other behavioral differences emerge with latitude, with foraging effort and energy expenditure increasing when birds winter further north in colder waters. Importantly, these ocean-wide migration patterns can ultimately be linked with breeding performance: colony productivity is negatively associated with wintering latitude, population size, and migration distance, which demonstrates the cost of competition and migration on future breeding and the link between non-breeding and breeding periods. Our results help us to understand the drivers of animal migration and have important implications for population dynamics and the conservation of migratory species.

Type: Article
Title: Ocean-wide Drivers of Migration Strategies and Their Influence on Population Breeding Performance in a Declining Seabird
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.009
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.009
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Atlantic puffin, competition, density dependence, migration, migratory connectivity, seabirds, seasonal interactions, Animal Migration, Animals, Charadriiformes, Ecosystem, Energy Metabolism, Oceans and Seas, Population Density, Population Dynamics, Reproduction
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10075139
Downloads since deposit
43Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item