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Biomarker profiles of Alzheimer's disease and dynamic of the association between cerebrospinal fluid levels of β-amyloid peptide and tau

Lafirdeen, ASM; Cognat, E; Sabia, S; Hourregue, C; Lilamand, M; Dugravot, A; Bouaziz-Amar, E; ... Dumurgier, J; + view all (2019) Biomarker profiles of Alzheimer's disease and dynamic of the association between cerebrospinal fluid levels of β-amyloid peptide and tau. PLOS ONE , 14 (5) , Article e0217026. 10.1371/journal.pone.0217026. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) β-amyloid peptide (Aβ42) and CSF Tau in a large population of patients referred to memory clinics for investigation of cognitive dysfunction. METHODS: We analyzed Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers in CSF taken from 3565 patients referred to 18 French memory clinics. Patients were classified into four profiles according to levels of CSF biomarkers (A: amyloidosis, N: neurodegeneration). The association between CSF Tau and CSF Aβ42 were analyzed using general linear regression models, in the overall population and stratified by biomarkers profiles. We compared linear and quadratic models using Akaike information criterion. We also assessed change in biomarker profiles in a subset of patients who had 2 assessments of biomarkers. RESULTS: CSF Tau was negatively associated with CSF Aβ42 in the overall population, following a non-linear quadratic model. However, the nature of this association was different in the 4 profiles: positive association in A-N- profile, negative association in A-N+ and A+N+ profiles, lack of association in A+N- patients. When considering patients with longitudinal data on profiles, 36% of those initially classified as A-N+ evolved to an A+N+ profile. CONCLUSIONS: The nature of the association between CSF Aβ42 and CFS Tau depends on the A/N profiles of patients. These results suggest an increase in CSF Aβ42 early in the disease before its decline while tau pathology progresses, this pattern is particularly observed in non-APOE4 subjects. This phenomenon may explain why some patients with neurodegeneration only markers convert to an AD profile (A+N+) over time.

Type: Article
Title: Biomarker profiles of Alzheimer's disease and dynamic of the association between cerebrospinal fluid levels of β-amyloid peptide and tau
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217026
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217026
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2019 Lafirdeen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Cerebrospinal fluid, Biomarkers, Alzheimer's disease, Linear regression analysis, Amyloidosis, Memory, Neurofibrillary tangles, Phosphorylation
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10075027
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