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Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Galaxies During Reionization: Measuring CIII] in a Galaxy at z=7.5

Hutchison, TA; Papovich, C; Finkelstein, SL; Dickinson, M; Jung, I; Zitrin, A; Ellis, R; ... Tilvi, V; + view all (2019) Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Galaxies During Reionization: Measuring CIII] in a Galaxy at z=7.5. The Astrophysical Journal , 879 (70) 10.3847/1538-4357/ab22a2. Green open access

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Abstract

We present Keck/MOSFIRE H-band spectroscopy targeting C iii] λ1907, 1909 in a z = 7.5056 galaxy previously identified via Lyα emission. We detect strong line emission at $1.621\pm 0.002\,\mu {\rm{m}}$ with a line flux of (2.63 ± 0.52) × 10−18 erg s−1 cm−2. We tentatively identify this line as [C iii] λ1907, but we are unable to detect C iii] λ1909 owing to sky emission at the expected location. This gives a galaxy systemic redshift, ${z}_{\mathrm{sys}}=7.5032\pm 0.0003$, with a velocity offset to Lyα of ${\rm{\Delta }}{v}_{\mathrm{Ly}\alpha }$ = 88 ± 27 km s−1. The ratio of combined C iii]/Lyα is 0.30–0.45, one of the highest values measured for any z > 2 galaxy. We do not detect Si iii] λλ1883, 1892, and place an upper limit on Si iii]/C iii] < 0.35 (2σ). Comparing our results to photoionization models, the C iii] equivalent width (W C iii] = 16.23 ± 2.32 Å), low Si iii]/C iii] ratio, and high implied [O iii] equivalent width (from the Spitzer/IRAC [3.6]–[4.5] sime 0.8 mag color) require subsolar metallicities (Z sime 0.1–0.2 Z ⊙) and a high ionization parameter, log U gsim −1.5. These results favor models that produce higher ionization, such as the bpass models for the photospheres of high-mass stars, and that include both binary stellar populations and/or an IMF that extends to 300 M ⊙. The combined C iii] equivalent width and [3.6]–[4.5] color are more consistent with ionization from young stars than active galactic nuclei (AGNs); however, we cannot rule out ionization from a combination of an AGN and young stars. We make predictions for James Webb Space Telescope spectroscopy using these different models, which will ultimately test the nature of the ionizing radiation in this source.

Type: Article
Title: Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Galaxies During Reionization: Measuring CIII] in a Galaxy at z=7.5
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab22a2
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab22a2
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10075025
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