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Motion-corrected free-breathing LGE delivers high quality imaging and reduces scan time by half: an independent validation study

Captur, G; Lobascio, I; Ye, Y; Culotta, V; Boubertakh, R; Xue, H; Kellman, P; (2019) Motion-corrected free-breathing LGE delivers high quality imaging and reduces scan time by half: an independent validation study. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 10.1007/s10554-019-01620-x. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) sequences have evolved. Free-breathing motion-corrected (MOCO) LGE has potential advantages over breath-held (bh) LGE including minimal user input for the short axis (SAX) stack without breath-holds. It has previously been shown that MOCO-LGE delivers high image quality compared to bh-LGE. We sought to conduct an independent validation study to investigate real-world performance of bh-LGE versus MOCO-LGE in a high-throughput CMR center immediately after the introduction of the MOCO-LGE sequence and with elementary staff induction in its use. Four-hundred consecutive patients, referred for CMR and graded by clinical complexity, underwent CMR on either of two scanners (1.5 T, both Siemens) in a UK tertiary cardiac center. Scar imaging was by bh-LGE or MOCO-LGE (both with phase sensitive inversion recovery). Image quality, scan time, reader confidence and report reproducibility were compared between those scanned by bh-LGE versus MOCO-LGE. Readers had > 3 years CMR experience. Categorical variables were compared by χ2 or Fisher's exact tests and continuous variables by unpaired Student's t-test. Inter-rater agreement of LGE reports was by Cohen's kappa. Image quality (low score = better) was better for MOCO-LGE (median, interquartile range [Q1-Q3]: 0 [0-0] vs. 2 [0-3], P < 0.0001). This persisted when just clinically complex patients were assessed (0 [0-1] vs. 2 [1-4] P < 0.0001). Readers were more confident in their MOCO-LGE rulings (P < 0.001) and reports more reproducible [bh-LGE vs. MOCO-LGE: kappa 0.76, confidence interval (CI) 0.7-0.9 vs. 0.82, CI 0.7-0.9]. MOCO-LGE significantly shortened LGE acquisition times compared to bh-LGE (for left ventricle SAX stack: 03:22 ± 01:14 vs 06:09 ± 01:47 min respectively, P < 0.0001). In a busy clinical service, immediately after its introduction and with elementary staff training, MOCO-LGE is demonstrably faster to bh-LGE, providing better images that are easier to interpret, even in the sickest of patients.

Type: Article
Title: Motion-corrected free-breathing LGE delivers high quality imaging and reduces scan time by half: an independent validation study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10554-019-01620-x
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10554-019-01620-x
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativeco mmons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Cardiac imaging, Fibrosis, Image quality, Late gadolinium enhancement
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10074584
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