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Multiple fault modelling combining seismic and geodetic data: the importance of simultaneous sub-event inversions

Frietsch, M; Ferreira, A; Funning, G; Weston, J; (2019) Multiple fault modelling combining seismic and geodetic data: the importance of simultaneous sub-event inversions. Geophysical Journal International , 218 (2) pp. 958-976. 10.1093/gji/ggz205. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

We present a new inversion method for modelling multiple fault sources combining seismic and geodetic data. The technique takes into account 3-D Earth structure in the modelling and uses a Monte Carlo inversion scheme that extensively explores the parameter space, which enables the assessment of source parameter uncertainties. Eleven parameters are determined for each subfault: centroid latitude, longitude, depth, time shift, strike, dip, rake, non-double couple component, average slip, fault length and width. Since multiple fault inversions in the literature are often carried out in an iterative way, we perform synthetic tests comparing simultaneous and iterative synthetic multiple fault inversions for realistic two-fault models including: (i) down-dip listricity; and, (ii) along-strike branching. While the iterative approach leads to substantial errors in the source parameters obtained for the fault model with down-dip listricity (e.g., errors of ≈22º for fault strike, ≈2º for dip, ≈41º for rake, and ≈0.1 in Mw for joint data inversions), the simultaneous inversions recover the input parameters well. This shows that erroneous source models can be obtained if the inversions do not determine all fault parameters simultaneously. Synthetic inversion tests including different levels of real data noise highlight the strong complementarity of five different data types: regional seismic data, teleseismic P- and S-waves, teleseismic surface waves and interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR). The joint data inversions substantially reduce well-known trade-offs between the fault dimensions, fault depth and slip compared to inversions of InSAR or seismic data alone. The synthetic inversions show that local/regional seismic data are key to constrain the lowest magnitude sub-events, notably for the two-fault configuration with down-dip listricity, which cannot be well constrained by the InSAR or teleseismic data alone. This suggests that down-dip segmentation can be difficult to detect in the absence of local/regional seismic data.

Type: Article
Title: Multiple fault modelling combining seismic and geodetic data: the importance of simultaneous sub-event inversions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggz205
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggz205
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Earth Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10074289
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