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A structured review of psychiatric rehabilitation for individuals living with severe mental illness within three regions of the Asia‐Pacific: Implications for practice and policy

Hill, H; Killaspy, H; Ramachandran, P; Ng, RMK; Bulman, N; Harvey, C; (2019) A structured review of psychiatric rehabilitation for individuals living with severe mental illness within three regions of the Asia‐Pacific: Implications for practice and policy. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry , 11 (2) , Article e12349. 10.1111/appy.12349. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Psychiatric rehabilitation can provide and support recovery‐oriented care by assisting individuals living with severe mental illness to lead full lives. Despite a well‐established evidence‐base, implementation and access to these interventions in clinical practice for people with severe mental illness in the Asia‐Pacific region is low. We therefore aimed to evaluate prominent themes impacting on clinical practice, policy, and the implementation of psychiatric rehabilitation across the Asia‐Pacific region. METHODS: A comprehensive review of relevant literature on psychiatric rehabilitation of three regions within the Asia‐Pacific was conducted using a structured search of PubMed and other databases. Eligible articles were selected which focussed on how psychiatric rehabilitation is defined and implemented across the Asia‐Pacific region, as well as the associated successes and challenges. Common themes were generated. RESULTS: Six themes emerged: the impact of policy, legislation, and human rights; access difficulties; the important role of family; the significance of culture, religion, and spiritual beliefs; the widespread impact of stigma; and the indigenous models of excellence being developed. DISCUSSION: Consideration of the six themes and their implications should help raise awareness of the issues involved in the provision of psychiatric rehabilitation in the Asia‐Pacific region and may improve outcomes for people living with severe mental illness. Suggested strategies include: developing a shared understanding of psychiatric rehabilitation; establishing quality legislation that's well implemented; adapting evidence‐based models to develop culturally appropriate services; implementing stigma reduction and empowerment‐based interventions; and, ensuring coordinated action among all stakeholders, combined with effective leadership.

Type: Article
Title: A structured review of psychiatric rehabilitation for individuals living with severe mental illness within three regions of the Asia‐Pacific: Implications for practice and policy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/appy.12349
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/appy.12349
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: evidenced‐based practice, implementation, rehabilitation, schizophrenia, severe mental illness
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10074261
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