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Potential normalization of an asthma mHealth intervention in community pharmacies: Applying a theory-based framework

Kosse, RC; Murray, E; Bouvey, M; De Vries, TW; Stevenson, F; Koster, ES; (2020) Potential normalization of an asthma mHealth intervention in community pharmacies: Applying a theory-based framework. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy , 16 (2) pp. 195-201. 10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.05.004. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Effective mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been developed to support patients with their medication use, however to date few are widely used in pharmacy practice. Normalization of an intervention is essential to have a population impact, which is defined as ‘the process of getting a new intervention into routine practice’. / Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the normalization potential of a complex mHealth intervention for adolescents with asthma (ADolescent Adherence Patient Tool; ADAPT) in community pharmacy practice. / Methods: The Normalization Process Theory (NPT), a sociological action theory, was retrospectively applied to study the normalization potential of ADAPT. NPT explains factors that promote or hinder implementation, embedding, and integration of new interventions in clinical practice. Evaluation data (structured interviews and questionnaires) of 23 pharmacists who used the ADAPT intervention was used for this study. / Results: Pharmacists understood the purpose of the ADAPT intervention and were prepared to undertake the necessary work of implementation. However changes at different levels are needed to support full normalization, such as changes in the intervention itself and changes in the pharmacist's work flow. The potential for normalization could also be enhanced by the use of product champions and appropriate reimbursement guidelines, to ensure uptake of the intervention by other pharmacists. Support from professional bodies for the use of mHealth could also promote normalization. / Conclusions: Normalization of mHealth is a complex continuous process. The ADAPT intervention has the potential to be normalized in community pharmacy practice, but full normalization would require changes in both daily pharmacy practice and reimbursement models.

Type: Article
Title: Potential normalization of an asthma mHealth intervention in community pharmacies: Applying a theory-based framework
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.05.004
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.05.004
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
Keywords: adherence; adolescents; asthma; community pharmacy; mHealth; normalization
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Primary Care and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10073977
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