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Computational blends: the epistemology of designing with functionally graded materials

Grigoriadis, K; (2019) Computational blends: the epistemology of designing with functionally graded materials. The Journal of Architecture , 24 (2) pp. 160-192. 10.1080/13602365.2019.1578074. Green open access

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Abstract

Considering advances in materials science, this research proposes a novel method of designing with multi-, or functionally graded materials (FGM). FGM consist of sub-materials continuously fused in one volume, without the use of mechanical connections. The proposed technique is to emulate the fusion of materials based on their physical properties using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. The main objective, in effect, is to formulate an epistemological framework corresponding to the use of CFD in multi-material design. Targeting this method for a unitised curtain wall panel segment, the research identifies appropriate materials that can be mixed to generate the part, describes the form of the digital container for blending, analyses FGM manufacturing techniques and structural loading on the panel to assign the affecting forces, and sets out criteria for terminating the simulation. This is followed by bespoke workflows to visualise the resulting FGM and to 3D-print it in a multi-material. The findings identify the shortfalls of material simulation use in design, the limitations of visualising a multi-material, and the problems with its direct fabrication. The resulting original contribution is a mutable process model created in commercial 3D software that can be used in a standard laptop computer to design with FGM.

Type: Article
Title: Computational blends: the epistemology of designing with functionally graded materials
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13602365.2019.1578074
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/13602365.2019.1578074
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Architecture
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10073815
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