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The principle of representation in Jamaica and the British Atlantic in the age of revolutions, 1768-1807

Graham, A; (2020) The principle of representation in Jamaica and the British Atlantic in the age of revolutions, 1768-1807. Parliaments, Estates and Representation , 40 (1) pp. 1-20. 10.1080/02606755.2019.1617505. Green open access

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Abstract

Britons and Americans seem to have agreed about most constitutional principles in 1776, apart from who was to be represented and how, and it has been argued that this formed the basis for conflict and revolution. Examining how representation was conceptualised in Jamaica during the same period suggests that these differences have been overdrawn. Concepts of direct and ‘virtual’ representation were inchoate and inconsistent in all three places, and were often used strategically rather than to express essential and irreconcilable differences. Consequently the debate over representation continued in all three places after 1776, and although compromises were struck in Britain and America through the rise of parliamentary sovereignty and republican constitutionalism respectively, in Jamaica the principles and practices of representation therefore continued to be contested. More broadly, this suggests that such tensions are immanent and unavoidable in any parliamentary system, and can only be balanced rather than fully reconciled.

Type: Article
Title: The principle of representation in Jamaica and the British Atlantic in the age of revolutions, 1768-1807
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/02606755.2019.1617505
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/02606755.2019.1617505
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Jamaica, America, colonial, representation, instructions, legislators
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of History
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10073672
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