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Self-reported periodontitis and migraine: results from a multicenter, cross-sectional survey in Spain

Leira, Y; Pozo-Rosich, P; Torres-Ferrús, M; Orlandi, M; Láinez, JM; Álvaro, LC; Monzón, MJ; ... D'Aiuto, F; + view all (2019) Self-reported periodontitis and migraine: results from a multicenter, cross-sectional survey in Spain. Odontology , 107 pp. 530-535. 10.1007/s10266-019-00430-w. Green open access

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate self-reported periodontitis (PD) prevalence in migraineurs as well as to investigate the association between both diseases. A cross-sectional survey was carried out including patients diagnosed with migraine attending 12 Spanish Headache Units. We determined diagnosis of PD administering a validated self-reported questionnaire. Socio-demographic, clinical and medical information, comorbidities, daily habits, migraine characteristics and medication were collected using a questionnaire. Of the 651 consecutive migraineurs included in the study, 393 suffered from chronic migraine (CM). Self-reported PD was detected in 327 patients with migraine (50.2%). Migraineurs with self-reported PD were significantly older and had a previous history of fibromyalgia, stress, anxiety, depression, and allodynia (all P < 0.001). Additionally, this group of patients consumed more topiramate (P = 0.008) and simple analgesics (P < 0.001) than patients with migraine and without self-reported PD. Also, they were less active physically and belonged to a low education level (both P < 0.001). Prevalence of self-reported PD was significantly higher in chronic migraineurs compared to those diagnosed with episodic migraine (EM) (53.9% vs. 44.6%, P = 0.019). Logistic regression analyses showed that self-reported PD was associated with CM (OR 1.456; 95% CI 1.062–1.997, P = 0.020). However, after adjusting for significant confounders, the association was attenuated (OR 1.100; 95% CI 0.784–1.543, P = 0.581). We concluded that self-reported PD was significantly more frequent in CM compared to EM. Self-reported PD was associated with the presence of CM, although some comorbidities shared by both diseases could have an effect on this association.

Type: Article
Title: Self-reported periodontitis and migraine: results from a multicenter, cross-sectional survey in Spain
Location: Japan
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10266-019-00430-w
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10266-019-00430-w
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: periodontitis, headache, prevalence, chronic migraine, epidemiology
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10073638
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