UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Risk Factors for Violent Dissident Republican Incidents in Belfast: A Comparison of Bombings and Bomb Hoaxes

Marchment, Z; Gill, P; Morrison, J; (2019) Risk Factors for Violent Dissident Republican Incidents in Belfast: A Comparison of Bombings and Bomb Hoaxes. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 10.1007/s10940-019-09413-0. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of Marchment_2019_Article_RiskFactorsForViolentDissident.pdf]
Preview
Text
Marchment_2019_Article_RiskFactorsForViolentDissident.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for bombings and bomb hoaxes committed by dissident Republicans in Belfast, Northern Ireland. // METHODS: Risk terrain modelling (RTM) was applied to each type of incident to identify significant risk layers. // RESULTS: Previous protests and riots [relative risk value (RRV) of 14.07; spatial influence (SI) of 100 m], punishment attacks (RRV 6.56; SI 300 m) and areas dense with pubs and bars (RRV 4.98; SI 200 m) were identified as risk factors for bombings. Punishment attacks (RRV 10.77; SI 100 m), police stations (RRV 8.76; SI of 200 m) and places dense with shops (RRV 6.94; SI 400 m) were identified as risk factors for bomb hoaxes. Descriptive statistics regarding predictive accuracy concluded that half of incidents for both types occurred in high or very high risk cells in a 3-year post-study period. // CONCLUSIONS: RTM could be a useful tool in guiding targeted responses to the dissident Republican threat in Belfast. The results suggest that there is some assessment of risk by the offenders, and that they are selecting targets rationally. Due to the differences in risk factors for the two types of events it can be proposed that there may be differences between targets relevant to ideology and realistic targets with increased chance of success.

Type: Article
Title: Risk Factors for Violent Dissident Republican Incidents in Belfast: A Comparison of Bombings and Bomb Hoaxes
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10940-019-09413-0
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-019-09413-0
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Terrorism, Risk terrain modelling, Environmental criminology, Northern Ireland
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10073097
Downloads since deposit
110Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item