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Forensic Gait Analysis and Recognition: Standards of Evidence Admissibility

Macoveciuc, I; Rando, C; Borrion, H; (2019) Forensic Gait Analysis and Recognition: Standards of Evidence Admissibility. Journal of Forensic Sciences , 64 (5) pp. 1294-1303. 10.1111/1556-4029.14036. Green open access

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Abstract

Gait is one biological characteristic which has attracted strong research interest due to its potential use in human identification. Although almost two decades have passed since a forensic gait expert has testified to the identity of a perpetrator in court, the methods remain insufficiently robust, considering the recent paradigm shift witnessed in the forensic science community regarding quality of evidence. In contrast, technological advancements have taken the lead, and research into automated gait recognition has greatly surpassed forensic gait analysis in terms of the size of acquired datasets and demographic variability of participants, tested variables, and statistical evaluation of results. Despite these advantages, gait recognition presents with different problems which are yet to be resolved. Therefore, courts should treat gait evidence with caution, as they should any other form of evidence originating from disciplines without fully established codes of practice, error rates, and demonstrable applications in forensic scenarios.

Type: Article
Title: Forensic Gait Analysis and Recognition: Standards of Evidence Admissibility
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.14036
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14036
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: forensic science, forensic gait analysis, forensic podiatry, gait recognition, evidence admissibility, standardization, cognitive bias.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10073084
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