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2DOF CFD calibrated wake oscillator model to investigate vortex-induced vibrations

Postnikov, A; Pavlovskaia, E; Wiercigroch, M; (2017) 2DOF CFD calibrated wake oscillator model to investigate vortex-induced vibrations. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences , 127 pp. 176-190. 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2016.05.019. Green open access

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Abstract

In this study a new two degrees-of-freedom wake oscillator model is proposed to describe vortex-induced vibrations of elastically supported cylinders capable of moving in cross-flow and in-line directions. The total hydrodynamic force acting on the cylinder is obtained here as a sum of lift and drag forces, which are defined as being proportional to the square of the magnitude of the relative flow velocity around the cylinder. The two van der Pol type oscillators are then used to model fluctuating drag and lift coefficients. As the relative velocity around the cylinder depends both on the fluid flow velocity and the velocity of the cylinder, the equations of motions of the cylinder in cross-flow and in-line directions become coupled through the fluid forces. It is shown that such approximation of the fluid forces allows to obtain the well known low dimensional models in the limit case, and the model proposed by Facchinetti et al. [1] to describe the cross-flow vibrations is used as an example. Existing experimental data and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) results are used to calibrate the proposed model and to verify the obtained predictions of complex fluid-structure interactions for different mass ratios. The "super upper" branch phenomenon, exclusive for a two degrees-of-freedom motion at low mass ratios, has been observed. The influence of the empirical parameters of the wake oscillators and fluid forces coefficients on the dynamic responses is also discussed.

Type: Article
Title: 2DOF CFD calibrated wake oscillator model to investigate vortex-induced vibrations
Location: Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2016.05.019
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2016.05.019
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10072946
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