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Written languaging, learners’ aptitude and second language learning

Ishikawa, Masako; (2019) Written languaging, learners’ aptitude and second language learning. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Languaging (Swain, 2006), defined as learners’ language use to make meaning, has been suggested and identified as a way to facilitate second language (L2) learning. Most of the research conducted so far has been on oral languaging, whereas the effectiveness of written languaging (WL) in promoting L2 development remains underexplored. To help to bridge this gap, this thesis examined (1) the impact of WL on L2 learning, (2) the relationship between the frequency/quality of WL and L2 learning, and (3) the associations between L2 learning through languaging and individual differences in aptitude and metalanguage knowledge. The study used a pretest-posttest-delayed posttest design with individual written dictogloss as a treatment task. The participants were 82 adult EFL learners, assigned to three groups: +WL group, –WL group or a control group. The +WL group engaged in WL by writing about their linguistic issues when they compared their reconstructions and an original text, whereas the –WL group completed the same task without engaging in WL. The control group simply did the pre- and posttests. The assessments included an essay test, a grammar production test and a recognition test. The MLAT, LLAMA_F, and LABJ were employed as aptitude measures. A metalanguage knowledge test was also devised and administered to the participants. Finally, they completed an exit questionnaire. Three main findings emerged. First, the +WL group outperformed the –WL group on the grammar production tests and, to a lesser degree, on the essay tests. Second, significant correlations were observed between the frequency/quality of WL and the gain scores on two grammar tests. Finally, a greater number of significant associations were identified between aptitude/metalanguage knowledge and L2 learning for the –WL group than the +WL group. These results are discussed with reference to previous research in second language acquisition and cognitive psychology.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Written languaging, learners’ aptitude and second language learning
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10072901
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