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Mental Health Literacy for Austism Spectrum Disorder and Depression

McClelland, A; Godfrey Born, C; Furnham, A; (2019) Mental Health Literacy for Austism Spectrum Disorder and Depression. Psychiatry Research , 279 pp. 272-277. 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.04.004. Green open access

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Abstract

In this study, three hundred and sixty-eight participants answered a questionnaire consisting of three vignettes describing a person with depression, severe Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and high-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder/Asperger's Syndrome (AS). Each vignette was followed by thirteen questions concerning the participant's knowledge about diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Participants demonstrated good mental health literacy (MHL) for depression, but were poor at diagnosing ASD. Drug therapy was rated as the least effective treatment and ‘talking to a family member of friend’ was rated as the most effective for each disorder. The highest prognosis ratings were given to depression, and the lowest given to ASD. Participants demonstrated better MHL than expected, possibly due to the availability of information on the Internet and the increase in prevalence of mental illnesses such as depression and ASD among the general population.

Type: Article
Title: Mental Health Literacy for Austism Spectrum Disorder and Depression
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.04.004
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.04.004
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Mental Health Literacy, Autistic Spectrum Disorder, DepressionLay Recognition
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10072552
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