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Simultaneous Comparison of Electrocardiographic Imaging and Epicardial Contact Mapping in Structural Heart Disease

Graham, AJ; Orini, M; Zacur, E; Dhillon, G; Daw, H; Srinivasan, NT; Lane, JD; ... Lambiase, PD; + view all (2019) Simultaneous Comparison of Electrocardiographic Imaging and Epicardial Contact Mapping in Structural Heart Disease. Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology , 12 (4) , Article e007120. 10.1161/CIRCEP.118.007120. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The accuracy of ECG imaging (ECGI) in structural heart disease remains uncertain. This study aimed to provide a detailed comparison of ECGI and contact-mapping system (CARTO) electrograms. METHODS: Simultaneous epicardial mapping using CARTO (Biosense-Webster, CA) and ECGI (CardioInsight) in 8 patients was performed to compare electrogram morphology, activation time (AT), and repolarization time (RT). Agreement between AT and RT from CARTO and ECGI was assessed using Pearson correlation coefficient, ρ AT and ρ RT, root mean square error, E AT and E RT, and Bland-Altman plots. RESULTS: After geometric coregistration, 711 (439-905; median, first-third quartiles) ECGI and CARTO points were paired per patient. AT maps showed ρ AT=0.66 (0.53-0.73) and E AT=24 (21-32) ms, RT maps showed ρ RT=0.55 (0.41-0.71) and E RT=51 (38-70) ms. The median correlation coefficient measuring the morphological similarity between the unipolar electrograms was equal to 0.71 (0.65-0.74) for the entire signal, 0.67 (0.59-0.76) for QRS complexes, and 0.57 (0.35-0.76) for T waves. Local activation map correlation, ρ AT, was lower when default filters were used (0.60 (0.30-0.71), P=0.053). Small misalignment of the ECGI and CARTO geometries (below ±4 mm and ±4°) could introduce variations in the median ρ AT up to ±25%. Minimum distance between epicardial pacing sites and the region of earliest activation in ECGI was 13.2 (0.0-28.3) mm from 25 pacing sites with stimulation to QRS interval <40 ms. CONCLUSIONS: This simultaneous assessment demonstrates that ECGI maps activation and repolarization parameters with moderate accuracy. ECGI and contact electrogram correlation is sensitive to electrode apposition and geometric alignment. Further technological developments may improve spatial resolution.

Type: Article
Title: Simultaneous Comparison of Electrocardiographic Imaging and Epicardial Contact Mapping in Structural Heart Disease
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.118.007120
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.118.007120
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: ECG imaging, activation and repolarization maps, contact mapping, unipolar electrograms, ventricular tachycardia
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10072285
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