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A phase 1/2 ascending dose study and open-label extension study of voxelotor in patients with sickle cell disease.

Howard, J; Hemmaway, CJ; Telfer, P; Layton, DM; Porter, J; Awogbade, M; Mant, T; ... Lehrer-Graiwer, J; + view all (2019) A phase 1/2 ascending dose study and open-label extension study of voxelotor in patients with sickle cell disease. Blood 10.1182/blood-2018-08-868893. (In press).

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Abstract

New treatments directly targeting polymerization of sickle hemoglobin (HbS), the proximate event in the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease (SCD), are needed to address the severe morbidity and early mortality associated with the disease. Voxelotor (GBT440) is a first-in-class, oral therapy specifically developed to treat SCD by modulating the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen, thus inhibiting HbS polymerization and the downstream adverse effects of hemolytic anemia and vaso-occlusion. GBT440-001 was a phase 1/2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single and multiple ascending dose study of voxelotor in adult healthy volunteers and patients with SCD which was followed by a single-arm, open-label extension study. This report describes results of voxelotor (500-1000 mg/day) in patients with sickle cell anemia (HbSS). The study evaluated the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic properties of voxelotor and established proof-of-concept by improving clinical measures of anemia, hemolysis, and sickling. Thirty-eight patients with SCD received 28 days of voxelotor 500, 700, or 1000 mg/day, or placebo; 16 patients received 90 days of voxelotor 700 or 900 mg/day, or placebo. Four patients from the 90-day cohort were subsequently enrolled in an extension study and treated with voxelotor 900 mg/day for 6 months. All patients who received multiple doses of voxelotor for ≥28 days experienced hematologic improvements including increased hemoglobin and reduction in hemolysis and percent of sickled red cells, supporting the potential of voxelotor to serve as a disease-modifying therapy for SCD. Voxelotor was well tolerated with no treatment-related serious adverse events and no evidence of tissue hypoxia. ClinicalTrials.gov identification: #NCT02285088 and #NCT03041909.

Type: Article
Title: A phase 1/2 ascending dose study and open-label extension study of voxelotor in patients with sickle cell disease.
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1182/blood-2018-08-868893
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2018-08-868893
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10072013
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