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Systematic taxonomy of the Trilobatus sacculifer plexus and descendant Globigerinoidesella fistulosa (planktonic foraminifera)

Poole, C; Wade, B; (2019) Systematic taxonomy of the Trilobatus sacculifer plexus and descendant Globigerinoidesella fistulosa (planktonic foraminifera). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology , 17 (23) pp. 1989-2030. 10.1080/14772019.2019.1578831. Green open access

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Abstract

The extant morphospecies of the Trilobatus sacculifer plexus (T. sacculifer, T. quadrilobatus, T. immaturus and T. trilobus) have widespread biogeographical distributions and long stratigraphical ranges, and are thus routinely utilized in palaeoceanographical studies. The descendant morphospecies Globigerinoidesella fistulosa is comparatively short-ranging (Pliocene–Pleistocene) and an important biostratigraphical marker. However, taxonomic concepts of these morphospecies are inconsistently applied between workers, leading to loss of information and incomparable datasets. We present a taxonomic appraisal of each morphospecies, including detailed taxonomic histories and refinement of their morphological concepts, using a combined population-based and typological approach. Morphometric data and scanning electron microscopy are used to illustrate morphological intergradation in the Trilobatus sacculifer plexus. The distinctive morphology of Globigerinoidesella fistulosa is shown to develop from T. sacculifer (as previously documented), but also from the other morphospecies in the plexus, providing the first fossil evidence demonstrating that the four morphospecies of the T. sacculifer plexus are the same species. Our new analyses support culturing and molecular genetic evidence from extant specimens that suggests the four T. sacculifer plexus morphospecies are the same biological species. However, we advocate using the four morphospecies concepts (T. sacculifer, T. quadrilobatus, T. immaturus and T. trilobus) and G. fistulosa, here refined, to increase their palaeoecological and biostratigraphical value.

Type: Article
Title: Systematic taxonomy of the Trilobatus sacculifer plexus and descendant Globigerinoidesella fistulosa (planktonic foraminifera)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/14772019.2019.1578831
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2019.1578831
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Trilobatus, Globigerinoidesella, morphometrics, systematic taxonomy, planktonic foraminifera
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Earth Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10071873
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