UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Platelet Microparticles Mediate Glomerular Endothelial Injury in Early Diabetic Nephropathy

Zhang, Y; Ma, KL; Gong, YX; Wang, GH; Hu, ZB; Liu, L; Lu, J; ... Liu, BC; + view all (2018) Platelet Microparticles Mediate Glomerular Endothelial Injury in Early Diabetic Nephropathy. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology , 29 (11) pp. 2671-2695. 10.1681/ASN.2018040368. Green open access

[thumbnail of JASN accepted version.pdf]
Preview
Text
JASN accepted version.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (23MB) | Preview

Abstract

Background Glomerular endothelium dysfunction, which plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of early diabetic nephropathy, might be caused by circulating metabolic abnormalities. Platelet microparticles, extracellular vesicles released from activated platelets, have recently emerged as a novel regulator of vascular dysfunction. Methods We studied the effects of platelet microparticles on glomerular endothelial injury in early diabetic nephropathy in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes and primary rat glomerular endothelial cells. Isolated platelet microparticles were measured by flow cytometry. Results Plasma platelet microparticles were significantly increased in diabetic rats, an effect inhibited in aspirin-treated animals. In cultured glomerular endothelial cells, platelet microparticles induced production of reactive oxygen species, decreased nitric oxide levels, inhibited activities of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and SOD, increased permeability of the glomerular endothelium barrier, and reduced thickness of the endothelial surface layer. Conversely, inhibition of platelet microparticles in vivo by aspirin improved glomerular endothelial injury. Further analysis showed that platelet microparticles activated the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway in glomerular endothelial cells; inhibition of the mTORC1 pathway by rapamycin or raptor siRNA significantly protected against microparticle-induced glomerular endothelial injury in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, platelet microparticle–derived chemokine ligand 7 (CXCL7) contributed to glomerular endothelial injury, and antagonizing CXCL7 using CXCL7-neutralizing antibody or blocking CXCL7 receptors with a competitive inhibitor of CXCR1 and CXCR2 dramatically attenuated such injury. Conclusions These findings demonstrate a pathogenic role of platelet microparticles in glomerular endothelium dysfunction, and suggest a potential therapeutic target, CXCL7, for treatment of early diabetic nephropathy.

Type: Article
Title: Platelet Microparticles Mediate Glomerular Endothelial Injury in Early Diabetic Nephropathy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2018040368
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2018040368
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Platelet microparticles, diabetic nephropathy, glomerular endothelial injury, mTORC1 pathway, CXCL7
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10071585
Downloads since deposit
153Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item