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Essays on Partially Identifying Models and Their Applications

Kim, Dongwoo; (2019) Essays on Partially Identifying Models and Their Applications. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis studies partial identification in discrete outcome models and their empirical applications. Chapter 1 investigates popular count data instrumental variable (IV) models. Many methods in the literature ignore the discreteness of count outcomes and thereby suffering from undesirable misspecification problems. To address this problem, a partially identifying count data IV model is developed. The model requires neither strong separability of unobserved heterogeneity nor a triangular system. Identified sets of structural features are derived. The size of the identified set can be very small when the support of an outcome is rich or instruments are strong. The proposed approach is applied to study effects of supplemental insurance on healthcare utilisation. In Chapter 2, partial identification in competing risks models for discretely measured or interval censored durations are studied. These models are partially identifying because of 1) the unknown dependence structure between latent durations, and 2) the discrete nature of the outcome. I develop a highly tractable bounds approach for underlying distributions of latent durations by exploiting the discreteness and I investigate identifying power of restrictions on the dependence structure with no assumptions on covariate effects. Bounds are obtained from a system of nonlinear conditional moment (in)equalities. I devise a solution method that requires much less computational burden than existing methods. Asymptotic properties of bound estimators and a simple bootstrap procedure are provided. Chapter 3 applies the proposed bounds approach in Chapter 2 to re-evaluate trends in cancer mortality by extending the ``war on cancer'' data studied in Honore and Lleras-Muney (2006). I find substantial reduction in cancer mortality. Estimated patterns differ from the original findings. In another application, I investigate the effects of extended unemployment benefits on unemployment spells using data from Farber et al. (2015). Bound estimates support the original finding that extended benefits did not discourage active job seekers during and after the Great Recession.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Essays on Partially Identifying Models and Their Applications
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10071196
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