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A Crassigyrinus-like jaw from the Tournaisian (Early Mississippian) of Scotland

Clack, JA; Porro, LB; Bennet, CE; (2018) A Crassigyrinus-like jaw from the Tournaisian (Early Mississippian) of Scotland. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of The Royal Society of Edinburgh , 108 (1) pp. 37-46. 10.1017/S1755691018000087. Green open access

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Abstract

The early tetrapod Crassigyrinus scoticus was a large aquatic predator from the mid Carboniferous (late Viséan or early Serpukovian) of Scotland, around 330 My in age. There are five main specimens with cranial remains: an articulated skeleton; two incomplete skulls; and two lower jaws. Crassigyrinus retains several apparently primitive features of the palatal dentition and lower jaw, and its phylogenetic position is disputed. A partial lower jaw resembling that of Crassigyrinus was discovered at Burnmouth in the Borders region of Scotland. The horizon in which it was found is dated as late Tournaisian, CM palynozone, around 350 My in age. Though it lacks dentition, the jaw preserves much of the postsplenial, angular and surangular, whose appearance externally and internally is almost identical to that of C. scoticus. Internally, the jaw shows a similarly limited extent of the suturing between the splenial series and the prearticular, a primitive condition. Externally, the type and distribution of dermal ornamentation closely matches that of C. scoticus, as does the deeply excavated and marginally positioned lateral line groove. As well as external and internal features, all specimens of C. scoticus are of similar skull size, though the Burnmouth jaw is somewhat smaller. If correctly attributable to Crassigyrinus, this specimen extends the existence of the genus by approximately 20 million years towards the base of the Carboniferous.

Type: Article
Title: A Crassigyrinus-like jaw from the Tournaisian (Early Mississippian) of Scotland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S1755691018000087
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755691018000087
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Geosciences, Multidisciplinary, Paleontology, Geology, Burnmouth, Borders region, Romer's Gap, tetrapod, TW:eed project, CARBONIFEROUS TETRAPOD, CRANIAL ANATOMY, EARLY EVOLUTION, STEM TETRAPOD, GREERERPETON, GENUS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10070930
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