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Cartographic Calculation and Coordination in the Urbanisation of the Peripheral Slopes of Lima

Lambert, Rita; (2019) Cartographic Calculation and Coordination in the Urbanisation of the Peripheral Slopes of Lima. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

The urbanisation of the peripheral slopes of Lima is often referred to in official discourse and the media as an informal/illegal process driven exclusively by the urban poor. However, a close examination of such process defies its understanding as occurring beyond the State, in violation of planning laws, or in the exclusive domain of the poor’s agency. Instead close engagements with regulatory frameworks and spatial outcomes compliant with planning norms are central features, since such practices shape local dwellers' entitlements to basic services, as well as their expectations on securing tenure. Notwithstanding that the slopes have been declared uninhabitable high-risk zones by the State, their occupation is occurring at an unprecedented rate, exposing an increasing number of inhabitants to hazardous living conditions. The thesis examines how and why this mode of urbanisation is enabled and sustained. In so doing, it offers analytical and methodological insights into contemporary urbanisation processes across the Global South. Borrowing from actor-network theory and institutional ethnography, the research takes a relational and socio-material perspective. It focuses on cartography - the maps and plans used on the slopes of Lima- to provide a transversal reading across 'black boxed' actors such as the 'State, 'communities' and 'land traffickers', and observe the engagement with the regulatory frameworks. Through an ethnography of cartographic practices, the thesis provides a novel methodology for bringing into view the processes, practices, alliances, and agency which are often invisible to policy makers, yet structure outcomes. The thesis demonstrates that peripheral urbanisation and planning need to be considered as socio-technical assemblages that have numerous and unexpected ways of interlinking. Unintended consequences, such as the production of risk, are outcomes of these assemblages. Consequently, planning research could do more to consider the technical as much as the political aspects of planning and interrogate the agency of materiality in urban processes. For policy makers and planners, a better understanding of the socio-technical configurations can guide their actions to rearrange these toward progressive agendas.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Cartographic Calculation and Coordination in the Urbanisation of the Peripheral Slopes of Lima
Event: UCL
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Development Planning Unit
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10070077
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