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Lanthanides compete with calcium for binding to cadherins and inhibit cadherin-mediated cell adhesion

Brayshaw, LL; Smith, RCG; Badaoui, M; Irving, JA; Price, SR; (2019) Lanthanides compete with calcium for binding to cadherins and inhibit cadherin-mediated cell adhesion. Metallomics 10.1039/c8mt00317c. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Lanthanides are rare-earth metals with a broad range of applications in biological research and medicine. In addition to their unique magnetic and spectroscopic properties, lanthanides are also effective mimics of calcium and can stimulate or inhibit the function of calcium-binding proteins. Cadherins are a large family of calcium-binding proteins that facilitate cell adhesion and play key roles in embryo development, tissue homeostasis and tumour metastasis. However, whether lanthanides can bind cadherins and functionally replace calcium binding has not been comprehensively explored. In this study, we investigated the effect of lanthanide binding on cadherin structure and function using terbium, which is a commonly used lanthanide for protein spectroscopy and a proposed anti-cancer agent. We demonstrate that terbium can compete with calcium for binding to calcium-binding sites in cadherins. Terbium binding to cadherins abolished their cell adhesive activity and rendered cadherins sensitive to proteolysis by trypsin. Molecular dynamics simulations indicate that replacement of calcium by terbium results in structural rearrangements and increases the flexibility of the cadherin ectodomain. These changes in structure and dynamics are likely to underlie the inability of lanthanide-bound cadherins to support cell adhesion. Taken together, our findings further knowledge on lanthanide interactions with calcium-binding proteins and provide new insight into the influence of metal chemistry on cadherin structure, dynamics and function.

Type: Article
Title: Lanthanides compete with calcium for binding to cadherins and inhibit cadherin-mediated cell adhesion
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/c8mt00317c
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8mt00317c
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Respiratory Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10070012
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