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Variations in the detection of anorectal anomalies at birth amongst European cities

Aldeiri, B; Davidson, J; Eaton, S; Coletta, R; Almeida, AC; Long, AM; Knight, M; ... De Coppi, P; + view all (2019) Variations in the detection of anorectal anomalies at birth amongst European cities. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery 10.1055/s-0039-1687868. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Aim: The diagnosis of anorectal malformations (ARM) is made at birth by perineal examination of the newborn, yet small series reported late diagnosis in almost 13%. No large series to date have looked into the magnitude of missed ARM cases in the neonatal period across Europe. This study aimed to define the rate of missed ARM at birth across four UK and EU centers. Methods: All ARM cases treated at two UK tertiary centers in the past 15 years were compared to two tertiary European centers. Demographic and relevant clinical data were collected. Late diagnosis was defined as any diagnosis made after discharge from the birth unit. Factors associated with late diagnosis were explored with descriptive statistics. Results: Across the four centers (117/1350, 8.7%) were sent home from the birth unit without recognizing the anorectal anomaly. Missed cases showed a slight female predominance (1.3:1), and the majority (113/117, 96.5%) were of the low anomaly with a fistula to the perineum. The rate of missed ARM cases was significantly higher in the UK centers combined (74/415, 17.8%) compared to those in the EU (43/935, 4.6%), (p<0.00001), and this was independent of individual center and year of birth. Conclusion: Significant variation exist between the UK and other European countries in the detection of ARM at birth. We recommend raising the awareness of accurate perineal examination at time of newborn physical examination. We feel this highlights an urgent need for a national initiative to assess and address the timely diagnosis of ARM in the UK.

Type: Article
Title: Variations in the detection of anorectal anomalies at birth amongst European cities
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1687868
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1687868
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: anorectal malformations, pediatric surgery, postnatal checks, congenital anomaly
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Biology and Cancer Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10069894
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