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Stigma experienced by families of individuals with intellectual disabilities and autism: A systematic review

Mitter, N; Ali, A; Scior, K; (2019) Stigma experienced by families of individuals with intellectual disabilities and autism: A systematic review. Research in Developmental Disabilities , 89 pp. 10-21. 10.1016/j.ridd.2019.03.001.

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Abstract

Studies have investigated the experiences of courtesy stigma and affiliate stigma in family members of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) without a clear distinction between the two. This systematic literature review aimed to evaluate the findings of studies that examined the experiences of stigma in families of individuals with intellectual disabilities and/or autism. A systematic search of PsycINFO, ERIC and Scopus identified relevant articles published between 2012 and 2016, to expand on an earlier review on this topic published in 2012. Ten articles pertaining to eight studies were identified. They revealed that family carers do experience stigma and various consequences related to these, with family culture influencing these experiences. This review identifies a number of psychosocial variables that are associated with the development of courtesy stigma, affiliate stigma and their consequences. It highlights protective factors and strategies family carers use to cope with stigma, and a lack of clarity in distinguishing the concepts of courtesy stigma and affiliate stigma in family members.

Type: Article
Title: Stigma experienced by families of individuals with intellectual disabilities and autism: A systematic review
DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2019.03.001
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2019.03.001
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Family caregivers, Intellectual disability, Autism, Developmental disability, Courtesy stigma, Affiliate stigma
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10069665
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