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A multimodal approach to outcome prediction in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer by integrating functional imaging and plasma DNA analysis

Attard, G; Conteduca, V; Wetterskog, D; (2019) A multimodal approach to outcome prediction in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer by integrating functional imaging and plasma DNA analysis. JCO Precision Oncology 10.1200/PO.18.00302. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Biomarkers for treatment personalization in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) could help improve patient outcomes. Multiple tests on blood have reported associations with poorer outcome, including serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), chromogranin A (CGA), neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and, recently, copy number (CN) of androgen receptor (AR) in plasma DNA. Biologic data suggest an association between choline uptake and AR signaling. We aimed to integrate 18F-fluorocholine (FCH) uptake on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scanning with plasma AR CN and other routinely obtained circulating biomarkers to evaluate their association with outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined plasma AR CN by digital droplet polymerase chain reaction from 105 mCRPC samples collected before abiraterone (n = 65) or enzalutamide (n = 40) therapy in the before (n = 26) and after (n = 79) chemotherapy settings. Pretreatment serum LDH, CGA, and NLR were also measured. FCH-PET/CT scan was performed at baseline, and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), total lesion activity (TLA), and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) were calculated. Main end points were the correlation of FCH-PET/CT parameters with circulating biomarkers and their impact on outcome. RESULTS: Plasma AR CN gain was observed in 27 patients (25.7%), and it correlated significantly with higher median SUVmax, TLA, and MTV values (P < .001). Kaplan-Meier curves showed significantly worse progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with plasma AR gain and higher SUVmax, TLA, and MTV values (P < .001 in each prognostic group). Conversely, no association was reported for prostate-specific antigen response. On multivariable analysis of overall survival, we showed as independent factors AR gain (hazard ratio [HR], 1.92; 95% CI, 1.07 to 3.47; P = .029), presence of visceral metastasis (HR, 3.04; 95% CI, 1.66 to 5.58; P = < .001), LDH (HR, 2.95; 95% CI, 1.72 to 5.05; P < .001), NLR (HR, 3.51; 95% CI, 2.14 to 5.74; P < .001), serum CGA (HR, 3.36; 95% CI, 1.99 to 5.67; P < .001), and MTV (HR, 2.09; 95% CI, 1.25 to 3.50; P = .005). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate the potential usefulness of integrating functional imaging with plasma DNA analysis and other noninvasive biomarkers as a tool to improve treatment selection for CRPC. A larger prospective evaluation is warranted.

Type: Article
Title: A multimodal approach to outcome prediction in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer by integrating functional imaging and plasma DNA analysis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1200/PO.18.00302
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1200/PO.18.00302
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10069341
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