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Generating Antibacterial Microporous Structures Using Microfluidic Processing

Katsakouli, C; Jiang, X; Lau, WK; Rohn, JL; Edirisinghe, M; (2019) Generating Antibacterial Microporous Structures Using Microfluidic Processing. ACS Omega , 4 (1) pp. 2225-2233. 10.1021/acsomega.8b02573. Green open access

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the potential of microfluidic techniques to generate microporous structures, with potential utility as scaffolds, with a highly uniform architecture, possessing an antibacterial activity. Scaffolds were prepared by introducing N2 gas to gelatin (GE)-water or gelatin/hyaluronic acid (GE/HA)-water mixtures to form microbubbles at the interface. The effect of solution temperature on microbubble stability and their structural integrity were studied. A solution temperature of 40 °C produced the best results due to the higher solution viscosity. The effect of different cross-linking concentrations on scaffold swelling ratio was investigated. A concentration of 5% glutaraldehyde was found to be optimal and was chosen to cross-link structure and conduct subsequent degradation and antibacterial experiments. HA was incorporated into the scaffolds owing to its ability to make stable and highly absorbent scaffolds. This led to a decrease in the degradation rate and the introduction of an antibacterial effect. This effect could be further enhanced with the inclusion of lactoferrin. This work is the first reported attempt for making antibacterial GE/HA scaffolds by using microfluidics.

Type: Article
Title: Generating Antibacterial Microporous Structures Using Microfluidic Processing
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.8b02573
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.8b02573
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10068478
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