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Mechanistic insights from targeted molecular profiling of repolarization alternans in the intact human heart

Orini, M; Yanni, J; Taggart, P; Hanson, B; Hayward, M; Smith, A; Zhang, H; ... Lambiase, PD; + view all (2019) Mechanistic insights from targeted molecular profiling of repolarization alternans in the intact human heart. EP Europace 10.1093/europace/euz007. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Aims: Action potential duration (APD) alternans is an established precursor or arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Important differences in fundamental electrophysiological properties relevant to arrhythmia exist between experimental models and the diseased in vivo human heart. To investigate mechanisms of APD alternans using a novel approach combining intact heart and cellular cardiac electrophysiology in human in vivo. Methods and results: We developed a novel approach combining intact heart electrophysiological mapping during cardiac surgery with rapid on-site data analysis to guide myocardial biopsies for laboratory analysis, thereby linking repolarization dynamics observed at the organ level with underlying ion channel expression. Alternans-susceptible and alternans-resistant regions were identified by an incremental pacing protocol. Biopsies from these sites (n = 13) demonstrated greater RNA expression in Calsequestrin (CSQN) and Ryanodine (RyR) and ion channels underlying IK1 and Ito at alternans-susceptible sites. Electrical restitution properties (n = 7) showed no difference between alternans-susceptible and resistant sites, whereas spatial gradients of repolarization were greater in alternans-susceptible than in alternans-resistant sites (P = 0.001). The degree of histological fibrosis between alternans-susceptible and resistant sites was equivalent. Mathematical modelling of these changes indicated that both CSQN and RyR up-regulation are key determinants of APD alternans. Conclusion: Combined intact heart and cellular electrophysiology show that regions of myocardium in the in vivo human heart exhibiting APD alternans are associated with greater expression of CSQN and RyR and show no difference in restitution properties compared to non-alternans regions. In silico modelling identifies up-regulation and interaction of CSQN with RyR as a major mechanism underlying APD alternans.

Type: Article
Title: Mechanistic insights from targeted molecular profiling of repolarization alternans in the intact human heart
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/europace/euz007
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euz007
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Arrhythmia mechanisms, Repolarization alternans, Sudden cardiac death, Whole heart cardiac mapping, Molecular profiling, Multi-electrode sock
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10068178
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