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Efficient Degradation of Phenol and 4-Nitrophenol by Surface Oxygen Vacancies and Plasmonic Silver Co-Modified Bi2MoO6 Photocatalysts

Shen, H; Xue, W; Fu, F; Sun, J; Zhen, Y; Wang, D; Shao, B; (2018) Efficient Degradation of Phenol and 4-Nitrophenol by Surface Oxygen Vacancies and Plasmonic Silver Co-Modified Bi2MoO6 Photocatalysts. Chemistry - A European Journal , 24 (69) pp. 18463-18478. 10.1002/chem.201804267. Green open access

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Abstract

In this work, the surface plasmon resonance effect of metallic Ag, surface oxygen vacancies (SOVs), and Bi2MoO6 (BMO) material were rationally combined to construct new oxygen‐vacancy‐rich Ag/Bi2MoO6 (A/BMO‐SOVs) photocatalysts. Their synergistic effect on the photocatalytic degradation of phenol and 4‐nitrophenol under visible‐light irradiation (λ≥420 nm) was also investigated. TEM, EPR, and Raman spectra demonstrate the co‐existence of metallic Ag nanoparticles, surface oxygen vacancies, and Bi2MoO6 due to a controlled calcination process. The experimental results disclose that the 2 %A/BMO‐SOVs‐375 sample exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity for the degradation of both phenol and 4‐nitrophenol under visible‐light irradiation, achieving nearly 100 and 80 % removal efficiency, respectively, and demonstrated the apparent reaction rate constants (kapp) 183 and 26.5 times, respectively, higher than that of pure Bi2MoO6. The remarkable photodegradation performance of A/BMO‐SOVs for organic substances is attributed to the synergistic effect between the surface oxygen vacancies, metallic Ag nanoparticles, and Bi2MoO6, which not only improves the visible‐light response ability, but also facilitates charge separation. Thus, this work provides an effective strategy for the design and fabrication of highly efficient photocatalysts through integrating surface oxygen vacancies and the surface plasmon resonance effect of nanoparticles, which has the potential for both water treatment and air purification.

Type: Article
Title: Efficient Degradation of Phenol and 4-Nitrophenol by Surface Oxygen Vacancies and Plasmonic Silver Co-Modified Bi2MoO6 Photocatalysts
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201804267
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201804267
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: perovskite phases, photochemistry, surface oxygen vacancies, surface plasmon resonance, synergistic effect
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10067851
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