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Biosocial spaces and neurocomputational governance: brain-based and brain-targeted technologies in education

Williamson, B; Pykett, J; Nemorin, S; (2018) Biosocial spaces and neurocomputational governance: brain-based and brain-targeted technologies in education. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education , 39 (2) pp. 258-275. 10.1080/01596306.2018.1394421. Green open access

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Abstract

Recently, technologies based on neuroscientific insights into brain function and structure have been promoted for application in education. The novel practices and environments produced by these technologies require new forms of ‘biosocial’ analysis to unpack their implications for education, learning and governance. This article provides an original analysis of current ‘brain-based’ R&D by the edu-business Pearson to apply artificial intelligence in education, and by the computing company IBM to develop cognitive systems for learning. These forms of neurocomputation are examined as technologies designed to function according to neuroscientific understandings of the brain, and to impress themselves on the cerebral lives of learners. The brain-based educational technologies proposed by Pearson and IBM are intended to optimize human cognition as a technique of human capital development in order to enhance the performance of education systems to secure a comparative advantage in a globalizing policy space, exemplifying new forms of neurocomputational governance and capital.

Type: Article
Title: Biosocial spaces and neurocomputational governance: brain-based and brain-targeted technologies in education
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/01596306.2018.1394421
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1080/01596306.2018.1394421
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, big data, biosocial, brain, cognitive computing, neuroscience
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10067703
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