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Pragmatics and the challenge of 'non-propositional' effects

Carston, R; Wilson, D; (2019) Pragmatics and the challenge of 'non-propositional' effects. Journal of Pragmatics , 145 pp. 31-38. 10.1016/j.pragma.2019.01.005. Green open access

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Abstract

Although some utterances communicate a determinate speaker's meaning which can be duplicated in the minds of speaker and hearer, others communicate – either alongside or instead of a speaker's meaning – something much less determinate, often described as a ‘non-propositional effect’. Creative metaphors, for instance, are seen as conveying loose impressions, perhaps interspersed with images, which vary from one addressee to another, and typically activate perceptual, emotional or sensorimotor mechanisms. After illustrating the notion of a non-propositional effect and outlining some of the challenges these interpretive effects present for current linguistic approaches to pragmatics, we consider how they might be dealt with in more cognitively oriented approaches such as relevance theory, and what role mental imagery might play in metaphor interpretation in particular.

Type: Article
Title: Pragmatics and the challenge of 'non-propositional' effects
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.pragma.2019.01.005
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2019.01.005
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: speaker’s meaning, indeterminacy, weak implicature, metaphor, mental imagery
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Linguistics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10067577
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