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Many-Body Entanglement in Classical & Quantum Simulators

Gray, Johnnie; (2019) Many-Body Entanglement in Classical & Quantum Simulators. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Entanglement is not only the key resource for many quantum technologies, but essential in understanding the structure of many-body quantum matter. At the interface of these two crucial areas are simulators, controlled systems capable of mimicking physical models that might escape analytical tractability. Traditionally, these simulations have been performed classically, where recent advancements such as tensor-networks have made explicit the limitation entanglement places on scalability. Increasingly however, analog quantum simulators are expected to yield deep insight into complex systems. This thesis advances the field in across various interconnected fronts. Firstly, we introduce schemes for verifying and distributing entanglement in a quantum dot simulator, tailored to specific experimental constraints. We then confirm that quantum dot simulators would be natural candidates for simulating many-body localization (MBL) - a recently emerged phenomenon that seems to evade traditional statistical mechanics. Following on from that, we investigate MBL from an entanglement perspective, shedding new light on the nature of the transition to it from a ergodic regime. As part of that investigation we make use of the logarithmic negativity, an entanglement measure applicable to many-body mixed states. In order to tie back into quantum simulators, we then propose an experimental scheme to measure the logarithmic negativity in realistic many-body settings. This method uses choice measurements on three or more copies of a mixed state along with machine learning techniques. We also introduce a fast method for computing many-body entanglement in classical simulations that significantly increases the size of system addressable. Finally, we introduce quimb, an open-source library for interactive but efficient quantum information and many-body calculations. It contains general purpose tensor-network support alongside other novel algorithms.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Many-Body Entanglement in Classical & Quantum Simulators
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10067195
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