UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

CD56-negative NK cells with impaired effector function expand in CMV and EBV co-infected healthy donors with age

Müller-Durovic, B; Grählert, J; Devine, OP; Akbar, AN; Hess, C; (2019) CD56-negative NK cells with impaired effector function expand in CMV and EBV co-infected healthy donors with age. Aging , 11 (2) pp. 724-740. 10.18632/101774. Green open access

[thumbnail of Akbar_CD56-negative NK cells with impaired effector function expand in CMV and EBV co-infected healthy donors with age_VoR.pdf]
Preview
Text
Akbar_CD56-negative NK cells with impaired effector function expand in CMV and EBV co-infected healthy donors with age_VoR.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

Natural killer cells lacking expression of CD56 (CD56neg NK cells) have been described in chronic HIV and hepatitis C virus infection. Features and functions of CD56neg NK cells in the context of latent infection with CMV and / or EBV with age are not known. In a cohort of healthy donors >60 years of age, we found that co-infection with CMV and EBV drives expansion of CD56neg NK cells. Functionally, CD56neg NK cells displayed reduced cytotoxic capacity and IFN-γ production, a feature that was enhanced with CMV / EBV co-infection. Further, the frequency of CD56neg NK cells correlated with accumulation of end-stage-differentiated T cells and a reduced CD4 / CD8 T cell ratio, reflecting an immune risk profile. CD56neg NK cells had a mature phenotype characterized by low CD57 and KIR expression and lacked characteristics of cell senescence. No changes in their activating NK cell receptor expression, and no upregulation of the negative co-stimulation receptors PD-1 or TIM-3 were observed. In all, our data identify expansion of dysfunctional CD56neg NK cells in CMV+EBV+ elderly individuals suggesting that these cells may function as shape-shifters of cellular immunity and argue for a previously unrecognized role of EBV in mediating immune risk in the elderly.

Type: Article
Title: CD56-negative NK cells with impaired effector function expand in CMV and EBV co-infected healthy donors with age
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.18632/101774
Publisher version: https://www.aging-us.com/article/101774
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © Müller-Durovic et al. This is an open‐access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: CD56-negative, CMV, EBV, NK cells, aging, exhaustion, senescence
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10067121
Downloads since deposit
99Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item