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Indigenous Mountain People’s Risk Perception to Environmental Hazards in Border Conflict Areas

Ahmed, B; Sammonds, P; Saville, NM; Le Masson, V; Suri, K; Bhat, GM; Hakhoo, N; ... Thusu, B; + view all (2019) Indigenous Mountain People’s Risk Perception to Environmental Hazards in Border Conflict Areas. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.01.002. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This study aims to understand community risk perception to environmental hazards in a border conflict zone context in high-mountain areas. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) tools were applied by the social science team. The results were validated with a hazard map prepared by a separate team comprised of geologists. Turtuk, the northernmost village in Ladakh, India located near the line of control with Pakistan was undertaken as a case study. Turtuk represents a high mountain indigenous rural community which has experienced several major disasters (flash flooding and landslides in 2010, 2014, and 2015) and territorial conflicts (wars in 1971 and 1999 with Pakistan) in recent times. The villagers were able to identify various environmental hazards and associated risk zones through participatory timeline, hazard and dream mapping exercises. The PRA maps matched the geological hazard map of Turtuk, demonstrating that community people are highly aware of surrounding hazards regardless of differences in age, sex, education, occupation, and religion. They apply indigenous knowledge to deal with the adverse climate and calamities. The technique, of analysing community vulnerability in the context of conflict and disasters by applying qualitative PRA tools and validating the mapping results, as piloted in this study is novel and replicable in similar settings.

Type: Article
Title: Indigenous Mountain People’s Risk Perception to Environmental Hazards in Border Conflict Areas
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.01.002
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.01.002
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s), 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed.
Keywords: Participatory rural appraisal, Hindu Kush Himalaya, Flash-flooding, Landslides, Line of control, India
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Earth Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10066720
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