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The Impact of Childhood Obesity on Health and Health Service Use

Kinge, JM; Morris, S; (2018) The Impact of Childhood Obesity on Health and Health Service Use. Health Services Research , 53 (3) pp. 1621-1643. 10.1111/1475-6773.12708. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: To test the impact of obesity on health and health care use in children, by the use of various methods to account for reverse causality and omitted variables. Data Sources/Study Setting: Fifteen rounds of the Health Survey for England (1998–2013), which is representative of children and adolescents in England. Study Design: We use three methods to account for reverse causality and omitted variables in the relationship between BMI and health/health service use: regression with individual, parent, and household control variables; sibling fixed effects; and instrumental variables based on genetic variation in weight. Data Collection/Extraction Methods: We include all children and adolescents aged 4–18 years old. Principal Findings: We find that obesity has a statistically significant and negative impact on self‐rated health and a positive impact on health service use in girls, boys, younger children (aged 4–12), and adolescents (aged 13–18). The findings are comparable in each model in both boys and girls. Conclusions: Using econometric methods, we have mitigated several confounding factors affecting the impact of obesity in childhood on health and health service use. Our findings suggest that obesity has severe consequences for health and health service use even among children.

Type: Article
Title: The Impact of Childhood Obesity on Health and Health Service Use
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.12708
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.12708
Language: English
Additional information: This is the accepted version of the following article: Kinge, JM; Morris, S; (2018) The Impact of Childhood Obesity on Health and Health Service Use. Health Services Research, 53(3), pp. 1621-1643., which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.12708. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with the Wiley Self-Archiving Policy [http://www.wileyauthors.com/self-archiving].”
Keywords: Children, body mass index, health, health service use, econometric methods
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Applied Health Research
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10066230
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