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Football pollution: An investigation of spatial and temporal patterns of crime in and around stadia in England

Kurland, J; Tilley, N; Johnson, SD; (2017) Football pollution: An investigation of spatial and temporal patterns of crime in and around stadia in England. Security Journal , 31 (3) pp. 665-684. 10.1057/s41284-017-0123-0. Green open access

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Abstract

Inspired by theories of environmental criminology, this paper is concerned with the criminogenic potential of football matches. Do matches generate patterns of crime within grounds and beyond them? If so, over what period and over what distance are these effects produced? Police-recorded data for five football stadia for a 6-year timeframe (2005-2010) are examined using non-parametric permutation tests. The spatial extent of any patterns are quantified and used to further examine differences in the temporal distribution of crime and incidents. Change in the spatial distribution of crime and incidents occurred around all five stadia and did so during those periods when the ambient population was elevated on match days. The results provide further support for theories of environmental criminology, suggesting that there is a higher risk of crime and incidents in the areas immediately around stadia during the hours when matches take place.

Type: Article
Title: Football pollution: An investigation of spatial and temporal patterns of crime in and around stadia in England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1057/s41284-017-0123-0
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1057/s41284-017-0123-0
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Spatio-temporal crime patterns, Football-related crime, Environmental criminology, Policy Policing
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10066078
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