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Periodontitis affects glucoregulatory hormones in severely obese individuals

Solini, A; Suvan, J; Santini, E; Gennai, S; Seghieri, M; Masi, S; Petrini, M; ... Graziani, F; + view all (2019) Periodontitis affects glucoregulatory hormones in severely obese individuals. International Journal of Obesity , 43 (11) pp. 1125-1129. 10.1038/s41366-018-0253-4. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of periodontitis (PD) on glucoregulatory hormones in obesity, never explored so far, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 110 severely obese, non-diabetic individuals. // METHODS: We collected clinical periodontal parameters, including probing pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL). Insulin, glucagon, GLP-1 and GIP were measured after 3 days of standardized diet. // RESULTS: Forty-seven subjects had periodontitis (PD+) and 63 did not (PD-). PD+ showed 30.3% of gingival sites with PPD > 4 mm, 55.2% of BOP sites and a mean CAL loss of 4.1 mm. Compared with PD-, PD+ had higher glucagon (26.60 [25.22] vs 3.93 [7.50] ng/l, p < 0.0001) and GIP levels (10.56 [13.30] vs 6.43 [8.43] pmol/l, p < 0.001), while GLP-1 was reduced (11.78 [10.07] vs 23.34 [16.80] pmol/l, p < 0.0001). Insulin did not differ. In PD+, after adjustment for confounders, PPD was positively related to glucagon (β = 0.424, p = 0.002) and inversely to GLP-1 (β = -0.159, p = 0.044). // CONCLUSIONS: We describe for the first time an impaired incretin axis coupled with a relative hyperglucagonemia in obese non-diabetic individuals with PD, that might contribute to deteriorate their glucose tolerance and partially explain the higher risk of diabetes observed in these patients.

Type: Article
Title: Periodontitis affects glucoregulatory hormones in severely obese individuals
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41366-018-0253-4
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-018-0253-4
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/.
Keywords: Medical research, Risk factors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065907
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