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The WIRCam Ultra Deep Survey (WUDS) I. Survey overview and UV luminosity functions at z similar to 5 and z similar to 6

Pello, R; Hudelot, P; Laporte, N; Mellier, Y; McCracken, HJ; Balcells, M; Boone, F; ... Hayes, M; + view all (2018) The WIRCam Ultra Deep Survey (WUDS) I. Survey overview and UV luminosity functions at z similar to 5 and z similar to 6. Astronomy and Astrophysics , 620 , Article A51. 10.1051/0004-6361/201732080. Green open access

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The aim of this paper is to introduce the WIRCam Ultra Deep Survey (WUDS), a near-IR photometric survey carried out at the CFH Telescope in the field of the CFHTLS-D3 field (Groth Strip). WUDS includes four near-IR bands (Y, J, H and Ks) over a field of view of ∼400 arcmin2. The typical depth of WUDS data reaches between ∼26.8 in Y and J, and ∼26 in H and Ks (AB, 3σ in 1.3″ aperture), whereas the corresponding depth of the CFHTLS-D3 images in this region ranges between 28.6 and 29 in ugr, 28.2 in i and 27.1 in z (same S/N and aperture). The area and depth of this survey were specifically tailored to set strong constraints on the cosmic star formation rate and the luminosity function brighter or around L⋆ in the z ∼ 6 − 10 redshift domain, although these data are also useful for a variety of extragalactic projects. This first paper is intended to present the properties of the public WUDS survey in details: catalog building, completeness and depth, number counts, photometric redshifts, and global properties of the galaxy population. We have also concentrated on the selection and characterization of galaxy samples at z ∼ [4.5 − 7] in this field. For these purposes, we include an adjacent shallower area of ∼1260 arcmin2 in this region, extracted from the WIRCam Deep Survey (WIRDS), and observed in J, H and Ks bands. UV luminosity functions were derived at z ∼ 5 and z ∼ 6 taking advantage from the fact that WUDS covers a particularly interesting regime at intermediate luminosities, which allows a combined determination of M⋆ and Φ⋆ with increased accuracy. Our results on the luminosity function are consistent with a small evolution of both M⋆ and Φ⋆ between z = 5 and z = 6, irrespective of the method used to derive them, either photometric redshifts applied to blindly-selected dropout samples or the classical Lyman Break Galaxy color-preselected samples. Our results lend support to higher Φ⋆ determinations at z = 6 than usually reported. The selection and combined analysis of different galaxy samples at z ≥ 7 will be presented in a forthcoming paper, as well as the evolution of the UV luminosity function between z ∼ 4.5 and 9. WUDS is intended to provide a robust database in the near-IR for the selection of targets for detailed spectroscopic studies, in particular for the EMIR/GTC GOYA Survey.

Type: Article
Title: The WIRCam Ultra Deep Survey (WUDS) I. Survey overview and UV luminosity functions at z similar to 5 and z similar to 6
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201732080
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201732080
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: surveys / galaxies: high-redshift / dark ages / reionization / first stars
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065565
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