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The social functioning in dementia scale (SF-DEM): Exploratory factor analysis and psychometric properties in mild, moderate, and severe dementia

Budgett, J; Brown, A; Daley, S; Page, T; Banerjee, S; Livingston, G; Sommerlad, A; (2019) The social functioning in dementia scale (SF-DEM): Exploratory factor analysis and psychometric properties in mild, moderate, and severe dementia. Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring , 11 pp. 45-52. 10.1016/j.dadm.2018.11.001. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The psychometric properties of the social functioning in dementia scale over different dementia severities are unknown. METHODS: We interviewed 299 family carers of people with mild, moderate, or severe dementia from two UK research sites; examined acceptability (completion rates); conducted exploratory factor analysis; and tested each factor's internal consistency and construct validity. RESULTS: Of 299, 285 (95.3%) carers completed questionnaires. Factor analysis indicated three distinct factors with acceptable internal consistency: spending time with other people, correlating with overall social function (r = 0.56, P < .001) and activities of daily living (r = −0.48, P < .001); communicating with other people correlating with activities of daily living (r = −0.66, P < .001); and sensitivity to other people correlating with quality of life (r = 0.35, P < .001) and inversely with neuropsychiatric symptoms (r = −0.45, P < .001). The three factors' correlations with other domains were similar across all dementia severities. DISCUSSION: The social functioning in dementia scale carer version measures three social functioning domains and has satisfactory psychometric properties in all severities of dementia.

Type: Article
Title: The social functioning in dementia scale (SF-DEM): Exploratory factor analysis and psychometric properties in mild, moderate, and severe dementia
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.dadm.2018.11.001
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dadm.2018.11.001
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Psychometrics, Factor analysis, Social behaviour, Dementia, Behavior Rating Scale
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065194
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